How to turn the toilet into a cache

With the use of a toilet, you can pay for your coffee or buy bananas at a university in South Korea, where human waste is used to power a building.

Dr Cho Jai Won, a professor of urban and environmental engineering at the National Institute of Science and Technology in Ulsan (UNIST), has designed an environmentally friendly toilet connected to a laboratory that uses excrement to produce biogas and manure, Straitstimes reported.

The BeeVi waterless toilet uses a vacuum pump to send the faeces into an underground tank. There, microorganisms break down the waste into methane, which becomes a source of energy for the building, feeding a gas stove, a hot water boiler and a solid oxide fuel cell.

“If we think out of the box, faeces have a valuable value to produce energy and manure. I invested this value in ecological circulation “, Dr. Cho told about the innovation.

The average person defecates about 500 grams a day, which can be converted into 50 liters of methane, the environmental engineer estimates. This gas can generate 0.5kWh of electricity or be used to drive a car for about 1.2 km. To stimulate the use of the eco-toilet, Dr. Cho has created a virtual currency called Ggool, which means honey in Korean. Everyone who uses the eco-toilet earns 10 Ggool per day.

Students can use the currency to buy goods on campus – from freshly brewed coffee to a cup of instant noodles, fruit and books. Students can also pick up the products they want from a store and pay with Ggool by scanning a QR code.

“I used to think that feces was dirty, but now it’s a treasure of great value to me,” graduate student Heo Hui-jin told Ggool.

More than 1,000 Afghan troops are fleeing the Taliban across the border, with Tajikistan sending an army
More than 1,000 Afghan troops are fleeing the Taliban across the border, with Tajikistan sending an army

More than 1,000 Afghan security officials have fled across the border into Tajikistan since the Taliban advanced into northern Afghanistan, the Tajik border service said on Monday, while dozens more were captured by the rebels, Reuters and TASS reported.

The escapes underscore the rapidly deteriorating situation in the country, as international troops are close to a complete withdrawal after 20 years of war in Afghanistan and peace talks are stalled.

Hundreds of Afghan security forces have fled the Taliban’s rapid advance, but Sunday’s retreat was the largest confirmed, just two days after the United States officially left its main base in Afghanistan as part of a plan to withdraw all foreign troops by 11 p.m. September.

The Taliban seized six key areas in the northern province of Badakhshan, which borders both Tajikistan and China, after which 1,037 Afghan troops fled across the border with Tajikistan’s permission, its border service said.

On Sunday, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani spoke by phone with his Tajik counterpart, President Emomali Rahmon, to discuss developments. “Special attention was paid to the escalation of the situation in the northern regions of Afghanistan, neighboring Tajikistan,” a statement from the Tajik president’s office said.

It added that Rahmon had expressed concern about “forced passage” by members of the Afghan security forces. Tajikistan could set up camps for potential refugees from Afghanistan, government sources told Reuters.

On Monday, Rahmon also spoke with his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, who assured him that Moscow would support Dushanbe if necessary, both directly and through a regional security bloc, the Kremlin said in a statement.

Rahmon also called on colleagues from Central Asian leaders Shavkat Mirziyoyev of Uzbekistan and Kasim-Jomart Tokayev of Kazakhstan to hold a meeting of the Security Council to order additional troops to be sent to the Afghan border.

A senior Afghan official has confirmed that there have been hundreds of crossings in Tajikistan, but does not know the exact number. “The Taliban cut off all roads and these people had nowhere to go but to cross the border,” he said Monday.

Last week, US forces left Bagram Air Base, effectively ending the longest war in US history. The Taliban have stopped attacks on Western forces, but continue to attack the Afghan government and security forces and quickly take over territory across the country.

Zabihula Attic, a parliamentarian from Badakhshan, told Reuters that the Taliban had taken 26 of the 28 districts of the border province – three of which had surrendered without a fight.

Members of the Afghan security forces used various escape routes, he said, but added that the Taliban had captured dozens of officers in Ishkash, where Tajik border forces had blocked any passage to the former Soviet republic. Tajik authorities said they had allowed 152 people from Ishkashim, but did not comment on whether anyone had been denied entry.

Afghan National Security Adviser Hamdullah Mohib was in Moscow on Monday for talks, saying government forces did not expect a Taliban offensive but would launch a counterattack.

Russia, which has a military base in Tajikistan, has said the Russian consulate in the northern Afghan city of Mazar-e-Sharif is suspending operations for security concerns.

Tajikistan’s defense ministry will send 20,000 troops to bolster security on the Tajik-Afghan border as the situation in Afghanistan’s northern provinces worsens. Such an order was given by the President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon at a meeting of the Security Council, which took place on Monday, the press service of the head of state announced.

According to her, in connection with the aggravation of the situation on the Tajik-Afghan border, the members of the Security Council of the republic have considered the issue of ensuring security in the border areas and taking measures to strengthen the protection of the state border. “The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Tajikistan, Emomali Rahmon, has instructed the republic’s defense minister to mobilize 20,000 troops from the reserve to further strengthen the border between Tajikistan and Afghanistan.”

The head of state also paid special attention to the prevention of state border violations related to transnational crime, terrorism, extremism and drug trafficking.

The strangest museums in the world
The strangest museums in the world

There are museums that do not require presentation. It is enough to name them to understand their scale and significance: the Prado Museum, the Louvre or the Uffizi Gallery are just a few examples. However, there are other museum exhibits, quite different from them in terms of the exhibits they present. Far from art, they rely on surprising and really strange collections, writes debati.bg.

Dog Collar Museum (Leeds, UK)

The Leeds Castle mansion has a permanent exhibition of dog collars, which, despite their strangeness, are visited by half a million people each year. Inspired by the love that the former owner of the house felt for these animals, the exhibition presents more than a hundred unique objects, as well as historical documents for dog accessories from different eras. You can even see dog collars dating back to the 15th and 16th centuries.

Underwater Museum of Art (Cancun, Mexico)

MUSA was opened in 2009 and besides being unique, it is also one of the rarest museums in the world. It houses more than five hundred submerged sculptures that have become home to a variety of sea creatures in the area, especially corals. To visit this museum, you have to put on a wetsuit and go down about six meters through the crystal clear waters of the Riviera Maya and thus enjoy an experience in which art and the environment merge in a unique way.

National Phallotheque of Iceland (Reykjavik, Iceland)

What began in 1997 as a biological research mission eventually turned into an exhibition open to the public, where it was possible to find various specimens of phalluses. The Icelandic National Fallout has more than two hundred different types of penises (or part of them) belonging to the mammals that inhabit Iceland. In it you can see from a hamster’s penis measuring 2 millimeters to that of a sperm whale 1.70 meters long and more than 70 kilograms. Of course, you can also find three male human organs donated to the museum after the death of their owners.

Museum of Excrement (Castelbosco, Italy)

In the Museum of Excrement, located in Castelbosco, in northern Italy, we can find cow dung turned into sculptures. Owner Giantonino Lucatelli decided to use manure from more than 2,500 cows to make fertilizers and building materials. With this you can create various works of contemporary art, made mainly from feces.

Hair Museum (Avanos, Turkey)

The last of the rarest museums in the world is located in Avanos, Turkey. The story of this strange place begins in 1979, when a friend of Galip, the owner of the restaurant, gives him a lock of hair as a souvenir before he leaves.

Since then, Galip has been collecting locks of hair from anyone who has visited his pottery workshop in Cappadocia. Currently, more than 16,000 strands with their names and addresses are on display. Even if it is possible, with a visit to this museum, the visitor’s hair will become part of the collection.

After a decade of waiting: Road signs in the native Bulgarian language in Tsaribrod
After a decade of waiting: Road signs in the native Bulgarian language in Tsaribrod

With the installation of new signs on the highway, Tsaribrod’s name once again shone with light on a hot June day after decades of waiting. The name Tsaribrod is becoming a fact and already fits in the road signs, announced the multimedia portal in Serbian and Bulgarian “Far”.

The largest Tsaribrod village, Zhelyusha, also acquired new signposts written in Cyrillic and native Bulgarian.

The PHARE team took photos on the highway between Zhelyusha and Tsaribrod.

Tsaribrod is associated with the geographical, political and linguistic concept of the Western Outskirts, where a compact Bulgarian population has lived for centuries, despite the fact that they have been within Serbia for almost a century.

At the end of May this year, Bulgarian President Rumen Radev met with Serbian counterpart Alexander Vucic, at which a number of agreements were reached on the western outskirts in various areas – from infrastructure and investment to education, names, assistance. During his meeting with representatives of the Bulgarian national minority, the question was raised about the return of the historical name Tsaribrod, which would completely replace the still used parallel name Dimitrovgrad. Vucic then said that the name issue should be resolved at the local level according to the wishes of local citizens.

The first step was taken in early 2019, when a new sign with the inscription “Municipality of Tsaribrod” in Bulgarian was placed on the building of Serbian Dimitrovgrad, along with the inscription in Serbian. Thus, the city restored its old, original name – Tsaribrod, and now both names are in use and with equal legal force, that is, every citizen, if desired, could receive an official document that he is a resident of Tsaribrod.

Tsaribrod is on the language map of Bulgaria

Tsaribrod is 5 km from the border and everyone knows that to this day in the area Bulgarian is spoken.

Between 1879 and 1920 Tsaribrod was the center of the district first in the Principality and then in the Kingdom of Bulgaria. There is a population statistic from 1890, where in the column “non-Bulgarians” of all villages in the area, including the town of Tsaribrod, it is explicitly noted that there are none, ie. the whole population is purely Bulgarian, a fact that has not changed much, except for the number of people. The region, alas, is depopulated due to a number of factors, of which I personally would highlight the lack of care and interest of both countries in it, recalls Prof. Ana Kocheva, linguist at the Department of Bulgarian Dialectology and Linguistic Geography at the Institute of Bulgarian language at Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.

The Treaty of Neuilly, signed in 1919, excluded the area in which the city was located from the territory of Bulgaria and handed it over to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Then, between 1941 and 1944, Tsaribrod was again within the borders of Bulgaria, and in 1951 it was renamed Dimitrovgrad in honor of Georgi Dimitrov.

There are different versions of this – according to some Tito is taking this act in the name of communist solidarity, according to others – out of pity for the fact that Dimitrov’s first wife was the Serbian Ljubica Ivosevic, which in the end does not matter much.

More importantly, the old name has now been restored and thus the connection with the communist past will be erased for future generations =

Photo credit: Multimedia portal in Serbian and Bulgarian “Far”

8 tips for protecting your dog during the heat
8 tips for protecting your dog during the heat

The summer months can be great for having a good time with our dogs if we go to sea together and the furry creature has fun diving in the waves or if we walk together in the evening on a promenade.

However, the heat is not so great – neither for humans nor for dogs. We sweat, and they can’t even do that, and they just lie with their tongues out. Don’t be surprised if your dog doesn’t have the usual looking for play during the summer heat: it’s as if you want to run a marathon while it’s 37 degrees outside. That’s why they rely on us to make sure she feels good and doesn’t get hurt in the heat.

Here are some tips on how to take care of your best friend when the thermometer hits 30 and up:

On a hot day, the temperatures in the car can rise very quickly to dangerous values. If it’s 29 degrees Celsius outside, in the car it can reach 38 in 10 minutes. After 30 minutes, the temperature can rise to 48 degrees. As a result, your dog may suffer irreversible organ damage and lose his life.

Observe the humidity

Veterinarians remind you that it is important to monitor not only the temperature but also the humidity, which can also affect the dog.

Dogs breathe heavily, with their tongues out to evaporate moisture from their lungs. Thus the heat goes out of their body. If the humidity in the environment is too high, they will not be able to cool down and their temperature can quickly jump to dangerous levels.

The normal temperature of dogs varies between 38.3 and 39.2 degrees. If you notice a higher temperature, your dog may get a heat stroke.

Limit walks on hot days

Be careful when you go for a walk with the dog and play together. Walk mostly early in the morning and late in the evening and be especially vigilant if your dog has white ears, as these dogs are more susceptible to skin cancer.

Modern breeds (so-called brachefacial breeds) such as pugs and French bulldogs, and less modern Pekingese and Japanese hinns with flattened muzzles, often have breathing problems and also need to be more careful with the heat. Asphalt can burn your dog’s paws, so walk on the grass (as it is protected from ticks and fleas, of course).

Always carry water to prevent dehydration of the animal.

Do not rely on the fan

Animals react to heat differently from humans. As for the fans, it may be refreshing for us to hang in front of a running fan with our eyes closed and let it blow in our face, but that doesn’t do any good for your dog. It cannot be cooled by the blowing hot air.

Provide enough shade and water

When you go out, make sure that the animals in the house are in the shade and have enough fresh water. If the heat is really severe, you can put some ice in the water. If you are caring for a cat, put a few bowls of water in different places to have access to drink from anywhere.

Pull back the curtains, blinds, darken the rooms, especially those in which direct sunlight enters and those in which the animals stand.

Cool the dog inside and out

You can rub the dog with a damp cloth, spray his forehead with water or dress him in a damp garment. If your pet is not overly stressed from the bathroom, you can put him in the shower. This will cool down quickly and efficiently.

Be alert for symptoms of heat stroke

Extremely high temperatures can lead to heat stroke in animals (and humans).

Observe the dog for heavy or difficult breathing, glassy eyes, rapid heartbeat, excessive thirst, lethargy, fever, dizziness, lack of coordination, staggering, profuse salivation, vomiting or loss of consciousness.

Particularly at risk are older dogs, puppies, those who are overweight or other chronic heart or respiratory diseases. Some breeds – boxers, pugs, shih tzu and others with flattened muzzles – are more difficult in the heat.

What to do if the dog gets heat stroke

If you notice any of the above symptoms, take the dog to an air-conditioned room. Put cold towels on his head, on his chest and wet him. Let him drink small amounts of lukewarm water or lick an ice cube. And, of course, call his veterinarian.