Religious freedom is a necessary condition for democratic life
Religious freedom is a necessary condition for democratic life

Modern national and international law raises this primordial freedom to the rank of a fundamental one. Freedom of conscience and religion is essential for spiritual development, personal or social. Every religious association – traditional or new, majority or minority, institutional or alternative – has the right to this freedom, as well as the obligation to respect it.

Freedom of conscience and religion gives everyone the right to believe, not to believe and to change their faith, as well as to express it, to practice their own personal beliefs. It provides every human being with the right to orient his behavior and to lead a way of life corresponding to his religious beliefs in a broad sense, ie. every form of man’s relationship with the divine, respectively the transcendent. This freedom, in order to be expressed collectively, contains the right to associate in accordance with the laws of each country.

The freedom of each finds its limits in the freedom of the other, a pluralistically religious society must guarantee religious peace. To find that modus vivendi (way of behaving) that applies justice, eliminates discrimination and imposes a high responsibility on social actors in life: public authorities, civil society, religious communities, as well as those belonging to the cultural and historical heritage, as well as religious traditions of more recent origin and new religious movements.

In a spirit of tolerance, society embraces religious difference and diversity. Every religious community, traditional or newly established, has the right to see its ideas and initiatives honestly presented and without distortion, stigmatization and defamation. And if a religious group reveals its religious, social and financial life and activities, then other public actors must limit the incrimination of the same with offensive generalizations or negative allusions.

The path of interreligious dialogue is the right one to overcome all fears between the individual established by history religious communities and those that have recently appeared on the religious scene. Conducted in respect for the beliefs of the other and for loyalty to one’s own religious beliefs, such a dialogue does not preclude mutual criticism; it paves the way for a peaceful coexistence, providing appropriate conditions for finding solutions to the tensions and contradictions inherent in religious difference.

The ancient traditions of religious tolerance and interreligious dialogue in cooperation use modern spiritual levers through:

     a) creation of favorable conditions for active participation in the cultural life and realization of cultural-educational initiatives;

     b) improving the organizational capabilities, efficiency and sustainability of the Orthodox centers, the development of cultural and religious tourism and good economic practices;

(c) raising awareness and attracting the public interest in achieving a non-violent civil order, lobbying and advocacy campaigns in the field of religious tolerance and interreligious dialogue in accordance with international humanitarian law and human rights instruments.

They can achieve these goals by the following means:

      (a) mobilization of public and private resources for the implementation of charitable campaigns, establishment of scholarships and targeted awards;

      b) preparation and management of projects for financing under national and European programs and other donors;

      (c) disseminating information and promoting good practice;

d) participation in scientific events, discussion forums, research and analytical materials;

      e) cooperation and joint activity with academic, non-governmental, state organizations and institutions.

People of different nationalities and religions can live in peace. First a purely human understanding is reached, then the problems are solved. This is how the Christian works. In the understanding and sympathy between people of different nationalities and religious communities there is always some divine element, a sense of peace coming from above. Any dialogue between people of different faiths could develop on a good basis – the similar requirements for integrity and correctness that we encounter in different religions. This would create trust and tolerance. And at the heart of Buddhism are good norms of human behavior: abstinence from bad desires and violence, not to lie, swear and gossip. The Jewish religion forbids murder, adultery, theft, and lying – in the realm of morality, Judaism and Christianity draw from one treasury – the Old Testament. According to Islam, everyone should do good, be honest, praise the love of truth, the need for unity among people, mutual forgiveness and giving alms. God does not wish evil on the people we call non-Christians, and they are dear to him – when they do good, it proves that God guides their conscience. Thus our duty is this: not to fight with anyone, to pray for both friends and enemies, so that we do not remain blind to the beauty of another’s soul.

Gypsies from Bulgaria have been arrested for exploiting children in Thessaloniki
Gypsies from Bulgaria have been arrested for exploiting children in Thessaloniki

Eight Bulgarian Roma were arrested in the northern Greek city of Thessaloniki on 18th of June and accused by a prosecutor of exploiting their children and endangering them, Kathimerini’s online edition reported.

According to the accusations, they forced the children to beg on the streets of Thessaloniki, look for food in the garbage and used their profits to gamble in a casino in Bulgaria. The arrests came after a four-month investigation by the city’s organized crime unit.

The case involves the exploitation of eight children under the age of 11.

Earlier this year, a group for human trafficking from Bulgaria to France was broken up.

The specialized prosecutor’s office monitored pre-trial proceedings against a criminal association operating in Bulgaria and abroad. The purpose of the association, in addition to self-interest, is to coordinate the commission of crimes in the country – under Article 159b of the Penal Code, which provides for imprisonment for more than three years, according to the prosecutor’s office (prb.bg).

In the course of the investigation, the Ministry of Interior – Directorate for International Cooperation, received information that the authorities in France have in the meantime established the existence of an illegal settlement with about 150 inhabitants, self-accommodated in temporary buildings in the area of ​​the stadium “Municipal” in Toulouse. They were engaged in begging.

In the framework of international cooperation, the Bulgarian authorities have been informed that an organized criminal group has been established in Paris, dealing with trafficking of Bulgarian citizens to France for the purpose of begging, which will take place in the city of Toulouse. In this regard, the French police detained ten Bulgarian citizens on suspicion of organizing and exploiting other Bulgarians who, after coercion, begged on the streets of Toulouse.

More than 30 Bulgarian citizens residing on the territory of France, who have become victims of the criminal group, have been identified in the case. Most of them were people with physical disabilities, and their recruitment was carried out on the territory of Bulgaria. The victims are mostly from villages in the municipalities of Dolni Dabnik and Iskar, Northern Bulgaria.

In the case of the Specialized Prosecutor’s Office, evidence was also collected for committed secondary crimes – recruitment and transportation of individuals in order to be used for sexual exploitation.

From the evidence gathered in the case conducted in France, it is established the complicity of five persons – Bulgarian citizens, to whom in the investigation of the Specialized Prosecutor’s Office there was evidence of their participation in an organized criminal group engaged in trafficking and exploitation of persons for begging. Bulgaria for France in the period from 2015 to the present. In the conditions of art. 479 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the pre-trial proceedings were transferred to France, where the persons were convicted by the court in Toulouse.

Zelensky set conditions for Russia to open Russian schools in Ukraine
Zelensky set conditions for Russia to open Russian schools in Ukraine

Volodymyr Zelenskyy told RIA Novosti that Russian schools in Ukraine will appear only if Ukrainian ones are opened in Russia. He spoke about this in an interview with foreign media, the text of which was published by the press service of the president’s office.

“They ask me how to solve the problem with schools, with languages? I say: you just need to respect each other, and everything will be fine,” the Ukrainian leader explained.

He stressed that there are many private schools in Ukraine, for example, English, and in the future there will be Hungarian ones.

“If you want a Russian school, let’s open a Ukrainian school in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Tyumen, where many Ukrainians live. This is called a“ povaga, ”Zelensky concluded.

The language law in Ukraine was adopted in April 2019. It obliges to communicate exclusively in Ukrainian in almost all spheres of life: in government bodies, schools, universities and hospitals, in shops and cafes, in courts, the army, the police, during the election campaign and referendums. An exception was made only for private communication and religious rituals.

All Russian-language schools in Ukraine have switched to teaching in Ukrainian since September 1, 2020. According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 125 state Russian-language schools, as well as 43 private schools, functioned in the country at the end of the 2019 academic year (cf. Gabrielyan, A.M. Native language in the sphere of secondary education in Crimea as a reflection of the linguistic picture of the peninsula // Humanitarian paradigm. 2018. No. 4 [7] p. 15–32.)

On the other hand in Crimea, there are 15 general educational organizations with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction (224 classes, 4258 students) and one school with the Ukrainian language of instruction (9 classes, 144 students).

Schools of Crimea with the study of native languages ​​and teaching in languages ​​other than Russian According to the Ministry of Education, Science and Youth of the Republic of Crimea [3], in the 2017-2018 academic year, 196.5 thousand children were enrolled in 527 municipal educational institutions of the Republic of Crimea. Of these, 5.6 thousand (3%) are in the Crimean Tatar language, 318 students (0.2%) are in Ukrainian. In the 2017-2018 academic year in Crimea, there were 15/162 educational organizations with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction – 202 classes, 3753 students. On the basis of general educational institutions with Russian as the language of instruction, classes with the Crimean Tatar language of instruction have been opened (in 31 schools there are 133 classes, 1879 students).

In educational institutions of the Republic of Crimea, the study of the following native languages ​​is organized in various forms: – Crimean Tatar – 21.6 thousand students, – Ukrainian – 10.6 thousand students, – Armenian – 97 students, – Bulgarian – 73 students, – Greek – 343 pupils (of whom 94 pupils study as a native, 249 study as a second foreign language), – German – 58 pupils.

MEN ARE MORE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE THAN WOMEN
MEN ARE MORE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE THAN WOMEN

Probably no one paid attention to Edward L. Bernays – the author of the book “Propaganda”, which explains completely freely how the world is governed today. If you don’t know him, he is the reason the United States entered World War I. To do this, someone has to provoke the country, and since a sunken ship with several Americans on board is the only thing that psychologists can think of, very soon Bernays – nephew of Sigmond Freud, with the help of a friend journalist, began to inflate the situation to make Americans want war on their own. Isn’t that weird? It is enough to draw a dividing line and watch the two sides enter into a fierce battle. Whether it is war, ideology, sexuality, even religion, the important thing is to have an enemy.

Most likely the enemy at the moment is the approaching Pride, where they talk about each other again, about some crazy division, which most of the time we don’t even remember when and where it is. Of course, this topic is so controversial, that even those who do not want to have anything to do with either side are quick to get involved. Again, it is enough to draw the dividing line and find yourself in enemy fire. That is exactly why we will not comment and we will not look for the sensation – many other people have tried to do that there is simply nothing more to say. Let’s pay attention to the idea for every 3rd.

The situation is so delicate that the only and best that can be provided in this regard is the use of facts. We suspect that you were not unfamiliar with the idea of ​​the Istanbul Convention, for every third and fourth woman – a victim of sexual or violence in general, as well as many additional deviations in the vast study. For the normal and reasonable person, there is a very serious question: if four people are standing at the same table and no one has resorted to violence, what should that mean? Anyone lying? For many, it can be extremely frightening, especially since we have many more than four friends.

Somewhere historically, this line and this phenomenal statistic have been drawn, which today circulates and repeats itself as an axiom. Such a statement can be considered offensive and even frightening, especially for males. If this is true, then we must assume that human evolution is not just going backwards, but that we will soon be running with the bats and waiting for the beloved to come out of the darkness to condemn feelings through brain trauma.

In 2013, the definition changed to carnal contact with a woman who did not give her consent. Many are dissatisfied because the statistics exist only with the given information. Here we refer to the reported cases. Contradictions usually occur. A number of feminist movements claim that the victims refuse to seek protection and the statistics are manipulated, the study itself is wrong and many others. Where does the idea for every 3rd woman come from?

To this end, we must turn our attention to Professor Mary Kos, an active feminist and professor of psychology at the University of Kent. In 1982, he argued that rape was an extreme act that went hand in hand with normal male behavior in society. In other words, the man is not only capable of doing it, but will not even accept it as something so special. The woman was invited to do research on sexual assault at US universities, and after lengthy analysis, she concluded that 27.5% of women there had been victims. There is one detail, one of all the questions is the following:

“Did you have sexual intercourse when you didn’t want to because your husband offered you alcohol or drugs?”

Based on this answer, it is concluded that more than 1/4 of the participants were raped. Of course, after the results are released, most of the respondents do not agree with this statement, at the same time about 3/4 of the participants even state that they are currently living or meeting with their rapist. The magic spell has been launched into the universe and has officially become the slogan of a number of other studies, feminist organizations and more. Few even inquired about the origin of this claim, especially since, statistically speaking, rape automatically shifts leftists, alcoholism, and heart attacks. Thanks to Mary Kos, every time a lady goes out on a date and is treated to a drink and overcomes her sexual worries, she is officially on the list of victims, the same goes for the men who commit this act – for them it is the category of evil. Therefore, we have the line drawn and we start counting the purchased alcohol.

In Canada, we will find that the situation becomes even more complicated because, according to the Minister of Women’s Affairs – apparently there is such a ministry in Canada – the statement for every third or fourth (variations are accepted) is not based on analytical data and statistics, but on the perception of the woman for sexual violence, in which elements such as staring at a woman, whistling after a woman, possibly smiling at a woman, etc. are present, ie this includes any possible behavior that can be counted on assault on sex and sexual freedom by the victim.

At the same time, we find that the refusal of any communication, including greetings, can lead to the rejection by society of the perception of a man as rude, arrogant and many others. To support the idea of ​​this statement, in which few even think, we are ready to destroy the social world as such. It’s not that hard to achieve, think about what exactly the law is doing right now. Gender and racial equality is now not only lost, but constantly strengthened. There is substitution with eternal sacrifice and eternal oppressor, and the role of the court does not seek to judge correctly, but simply to continue to create conflict and to redraw the border over and over again.

Thus, not only do we discover some crazy ideas, but also a change in legislation. We immediately cite France as an example, where no employer wants to hire a person legally, for a number of reasons. Every employee has the right to come to work later, to sleep at work, to call that he is ill every Monday and has no right to be fired without going through a long and complicated legal dispute.

It is enough to add chronic depression, back pain, alcoholism and many other similar elements to recognize his disability and to be released with huge compensation.

So far so good, but do you have any idea what happens if an employee says they will sue their employer for sexual harassment? The number of lawyers who are happy to deal with the case completely free of charge is impressive. Such a statement, including a smile, a look or a conversation without a third party, will officially lead to the company’s bankruptcy. The freedom to count every human look or smile not only paints a rather insane picture, but also guarantees us antisocial relationships forever.

The little woman who started the big war
The little woman who started the big war

210 years since the birth of Harriet Beecher Stowe

Every child who has started reading knows her name. Because she is the author of one of the most beloved children’s novels – “Uncle Tom’s cabin”. Her name is Harriet Elizabeth Beecher Stowe – an American writer, mother of many children, free-thinking person and fighter against the slavery of colored people in America. Lincoln called her “the little woman who started the great war.”

She is emancipated and courageous, and no one suspects that she has struggled with anxiety throughout her conscious life. She died mentally ill. On June 14 this year It is 210 years since the birth of Harriet Beecher Stowe. She was born on this day in 1811. He is the author of more than 30 books in various genres, many essays, poems, articles and anthems.

Harriet Beecher Stowe was born in Lichfield, Connecticut, to a pastor. Her mother, Roxana Beecher, died when she was just five. Her father, Calvinist preacher Lyman Beecher, had a total of 13 children from two marriages. 11 of them survive to adulthood. From his marriage to Roxana Beecher, he had eight children – two girls and six boys. Lyman Beecher openly preached against slavery. All seven of his sons followed him on this mission. One of his sons, Henry Ward Beecher, even became directly involved in the abolitionist movement in Nebraska and Kansas and sent them weapons hidden in Bible boxes.

At 25, he married the widowed husband of his girlfriend, Calvin Ellis Stowe, also a teacher. For the first few years, they lived in poverty, but Harriet was respected for her husband’s culture, although some of her biographers later suggested that she “knew languages ​​and nothing else.”

Raised in a large family where the children share and help, Harriet also wanted her husband to have many children. In 14 years she has given birth to seven children and takes care of the home so that her husband can do his job in peace. She herself does not allow the care of the children to hinder her growth as a person. Meanwhile, cholera took the life of one of her children at an early age. Little Samuel, her sixth child, died of cholera in 1849.

This tragic event crushed her – she suffered the loss badly, but she had to accept God’s will and not to shake her faith. She found solace in home care and intellectual pursuits. You were constantly setting new goals. Together with her sister, they wrote a textbook on geography – “Geography for children”.

Her first publications were in a magazine. He began publishing his short stories and essays in a magazine, and even won a literary award from the Western Montley Shop. In 1843 he published his first book, Mayflower, after the Puritan settlers in America. In 1850, her husband Calvin Stowe received an offer of a professorship in Maine, and the family moved there.

In the same year, the US Congress passed a law against the escape of slaves and against the citizens who assisted them. Civil protests begin. Outrage is rising in many states in America.

It was then that Stowe’s idea for the novel “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” was born.

Harriet Beecher Stowe already had a name after the positive response to her publication “The Freeman’s Dream: A Parable”, for which she received as much as $ 100 from the editor of “The National Era” newspaper. , The National Era paid Stowe a fee of $ 300 for the 43 chapters of Uncle Tom’s Cottage, published on March 20, 1852, and sold 10,000 copies in the first week alone. By the end of the same year, another 300,000 had been sold, and there was even more interest in the work in the United Kingdom, where 1.5 million copies of the book had been sold in one year. Stowe received ten cents for each piece sold. According to an article in the London Times, published six months after the publication of the novel, in that period alone the writer already had more than 10 thousand dollars in copyright.

“We think this is the largest amount a writer has ever received, whether American or European, from selling a single work in such a short period of time,” the newspaper said.

“Uncle Tom’s Cabin” is being translated all over the world. It is translated into 40 languages. Among these translations, there were some that were not authorized. Stowe filed a lawsuit against the publisher of the Philadelphia-based German-language newspaper, the Free Press, FW Thomas.

Her income from “Uncle Tom’s Cottage” allowed her to buy a winter house in 1867 in Mandarin, Florida. Some point to a fact about this property, namely that the mansion was maintained by slaves before the writer bought it, and consider it paradoxical. She herself viewed this fact in a completely opposite way – that the energy of this place, created by the labor of the people for whose rights she, her brothers and father fought, deserves to be inhabited by people like her, not by slaveholders. For her, the mansion was something of a symbol of victory over slavery. Point of view.

The most glorious moment in the writer’s life was her meeting in the White House with President Abraham Lincoln, in the first days of the Civil War – in 1862. He greets her kindly, and notes with sympathy her small stature with an ingenious joke: “So you are the little woman from whom the great war began!”. According to some sources, the exact phrase is, “So this is the little woman who got us into this great civil war,” but anyway, the meaning of both expressions is the same. Their meeting was friendly.

The novel, the comments about him and the meeting with the president turn the writer into a celebrity. She receives invitations from many publications to work for them. Harriet Beecher Stowe became the most famous woman in America. Everyone admires her courage.

The Netherlands is starting to pay compensation to the victims of Srebrenica
The Netherlands is starting to pay compensation to the victims of Srebrenica

The Potocari Commission has opened an office in Sarajevo for potential plaintiffs

The Netherlands begins paying compensation to the families of victims of the Srebrenica massacre.

The Potocari Compensation Commission opened an office in Sarajevo for potential plaintiffs, and its website is open to reports from family members of people killed after being taken away by a Dutch peacekeeping base in Potocari, near Srebrenica, in July 1995. , reports BIRN.

However, some relatives of the victims refused to file a lawsuit because they were dissatisfied with the legal agreement imposed by a Dutch court, according to which the country should not reimburse all legal expenses incurred by the families concerned.

On July 11, 1995, when the Republika Srpska army occupied Srebrenica, Dutch security forces in the UN-controlled area did not prevent the genocide. More than 7,000 men and boys were killed.

In 2019, the Supreme Court of the Netherlands ruled that the state was responsible to a very limited extent for the deaths of approximately 350 victims. This concerns a group of men taken from the base of the Dutch battalion in the late afternoon of 13 July 1995. According to the Supreme Court, the battalion acted illegally because it knew that male Srebrenica refugees could be attacked or killed, but even if left at the base, they had only a 10% chance of survival.

Accordingly, the closest relatives of these 350 victims can hold the Netherlands responsible for 10% of the damage. Earlier, the Court of Appeal in The Hague ruled that the responsibility of the Dutch state was 30%, so the “Mothers of Srebrenica” referred the case to the European Court of Human Rights. They hope that the court in Strasbourg will return the level of responsibility to 30%, although their lawyer Simone van der Sluis believes that the chances are small.

Widows of survivors or first-generation relatives can also file multiple lawsuits. For example, in the case when a woman loses both her husband and her son. The amount of compensation under this regulation is EUR 15,000 for widows and EUR 10,000 for other surviving relatives.

Former Bosnian Serb commander Ratko Mladic has lost his appeal against a 2017 sentence for genocide and crimes against humanity.

UN court upholds Ratko Mladic’s life sentence for his role in the 1995 killing of some 8,000 Bosnian Muslim (Bosniak) men and boys in Srebrenica.

US President Joe Biden welcomes the sentence of the former Bosnian Serb military leader.

“This historic sentence shows that those who commit horrific crimes will be held accountable,” the president said in a statement.