Which traits do we inherit from the mother and which from the father?

Do you have your mother’s pointed nose? You may have inherited your father’s habit of sneezing and tearing your eyes every time he looks at the sun. Or are you wondering from whom in your family your child inherited red and curly hair? The questions are simple, but the answers are not, because the way some of our traits are genetically transmitted is very complex. What do we inherit from our parents? “It is impossible to determine which trait you inherited from one parent, because many traits are actually a combination of different genes of both parents. In addition, the environment has a strong impact. Just because you have a certain genetic predisposition doesn’t mean you will inherit it. There are three main ways you can inherit your parents’ traits. The first is through the dominant gene: if you inherit the dominant gene, you will develop this trait. For example, take eye color. If one of the parents has brown eyes, you will probably have brown eyes because this is the dominant trait. The second is through a recessive gene. Both parents must have a recessive gene to have this trait. For example, if you have blue eyes, then both parents should carry the blue eye gene, even if their eye color is not blue. Finally, X-linked traits that are found only on the X chromosome are transmitted through the mother. How easy is it to lose weight? There are two types of fat in our body – “good” or brown fat, which maintains a healthy metabolism and healthy weight, and “white bad fat”, which can cause obesity and many diseases. We all have both types of fat, but how much brown fat we inherit – and therefore how good our metabolism is – we inherit from our mother, according to a study published in the journal Nature Communications. On the other hand, we inherit white, bad fat from our father, the same study showed. How much fat we get, especially around our organs, can be determined in part by the genes we inherit from our father, scientists say. Of course, genetics does not determine how many pounds you will gain, but your lifestyle also has a big influence on that.

Attention Capacity If your mother has lower levels of serotonin, the pleasure hormone, you are more likely to develop attention deficit hyperactivity disorder later in life, according to a study published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. Genes that are passed from mother to child also appear to affect serotonin production, which affects your ability to focus.

Premature puberty

 Puberty and everything that comes with it, such as acne, thickening of the voice, or the onset of the first menstrual period, are changes we go through as we grow older. The genetics of both parents determine when the changes will begin, but if puberty begins early, before the age of eight in girls and the ninth in boys, it may be due to inherited genes from the father. The genetic mutation that leads to premature puberty comes from the father. Wrinkles The appearance of wrinkles is determined at the cellular level by damage to mitochondrial DNA, genes that we only receive from mom. Environmental factors: such as sun exposure, smoking and an unhealthy diet, can cause DNA mitochondrial damage, but you can inherit some of this “damage” from your mother, according to a study published in the journal Nature. The more of this mitochondrial DNA with mutations you inherit from your mother, the faster you will age and this will affect your face – from wrinkles to gray hair. Mood You will be shocked at how long people will live in 2100.

The part of the brain that controls emotions plays a role in disorders such as depression. This is more likely to be passed from mother to daughter than from mother to sons or fathers to children of both sexes. This means that daughters at least partially inherit the mood from their mothers. The sex of our children Your genes and your partner’s genes determine the sex of your children.

But these genes are actually inherited from your father. Here’s how it works: A man who has many brothers is more likely to have sons, while a man who has more sisters is more likely to have a daughter, according to a study published in the journal Evolutionary Biology. Memory British edition: How did Neanderthals and other primitive people learn to count? Based on archaeological finds, it can be argued that man invented numbers several tens of thousands of years ago. The genetic risk for Alzheimer’s disease comes primarily from the mother.

Fertility

A woman’s fertility can be influenced by a gene she inherited from her father. In a normal egg, a part of the cell called the centriole is eliminated as part of the process of natural development. However, if the centrioles are not eliminated – often due to genetic dysfunction passed down from the father – the woman is sterile.

Hair

The researchers found 287 independent genetic signals that were linked to hair loss and inheritance from the father. 40 of them are found on the X chromosome, which means that they are inherited from the mother, while the rest are inherited from both sides.