Scientists explain why some dinosaurs have shrunk
Scientists explain why some dinosaurs have shrunk

In a new study, scientists found that alvaressaurs quickly shrank to the size of chickens. It turned out that it was all about their diet: at some point, dinosaurs only ate ants.

Alvaressaurs lived in many parts of the world – they inhabited China, Mongolia and South America. This dinosaur species lived in the period from the Late Jurassic to the Upper Cretaceous (from 160 to 70 million years ago). They were slender bipedal predators who spent most of their time on Earth feeding on lizards, the first mammals, and the offspring of other dinosaurs.

“Competition with other dinosaurs probably intensified in the Cretaceous. The Cretaceous period was an era of rapidly evolving ecosystems, and the biggest change was the gradual conquest of land by flowering plants. They changed the nature of the landscape and led to the active growth of various species of insects, for example, ants. Dinosaurs didn’t eat new plants, but they did eat ants, ”said Professor Michael Benton.

Initially, alvaressaurs were not small in size and were not even anteaters. Their ancestors, such as Haplocheirus, were relatively large dinosaurs, about the size of a small ostrich, with sharp teeth, flexible forelimbs, and large eyes. All of this suggests that before the dinosaurs began to consume only ants, their diet was mixed.

Scientists’ calculations have shown that the body weight of alvaressaurs has decreased from 30-40 kg to 5 kg in 95 million years. Also, due to the diet, the shape of their claws has changed.

6 ways to deal with a very sensitive child
6 ways to deal with a very sensitive child

About 15-20% of children born each year are described as highly sensitive. This means that they are extremely aware of their surroundings and react immediately to a variety of situations. Although this is not a bad thing, it requires great effort and patience on the part of the parents to maintain the mental stability of the child (and their own). Here’s how to deal with a child’s sensitive emotions.

1. Be empathetic and talk to him

If your child has emotional outbursts in public, do not try to suppress his feelings by telling him to stop whining. Accept these emotions and talk to your child about them. Sit next to him and try to understand why he feels that way, but don’t try to offer a quick solution. What you can do is teach him how to work with his emotions when he is in a public place so as not to create awkward situations.

2. Tell him that having feelings is normal

Many parents start dragging their children somewhere as soon as they start crying and creating scenes. In doing so, the child feels that his emotions are not important and that he is doing something bad and wrong. Try to connect with the child and show that you support him, instead of behaving the way people think is right.

3. Show what it looks like from the side

Highly sensitive children can repel other children with their expressions without even realizing it. That’s why it’s important for parents to demonstrate what this expression looks like. Your child needs to know what it looks like when someone is upset or annoyed. This can be annoying at first, but it can have great results over time.

The second step would be for parents to suggest alternative reactions. Let him know that if another child annoys him, he may walk away and take a deep breath. Counting to 10 can also help.

4. Be patient and offer independent time

Many parents rush to take their children to a number of activities after entering kindergarten. However, the sensitive child does not like large crowds and active activities and prefers to stay longer at home. You can spend time together reading and playing some games that bring him happiness.

5. Slowly help him overcome his fears

Doing something outside the comfort zone is a way for the child to overcome his fears. However, this is a very delicate process that must be carried out gradually and with great sensitivity. It is amazing how quickly children overcome their fears after using the right method. However, you must make sure that the child does not feel that this is a punishment because he has done something wrong.

6. A pet can help a lot

Pets have been shown to be ideal companions for highly sensitive children. This is because pets are usually just as sensitive and compassionate as they are. For them, the relationship with an animal can offer the understanding they need in a world that seems very strange, confused and rude.

1 million French people made an appointment for a vaccine after Macron’s address
1 million French people made an appointment for a vaccine after Macron’s address

Nearly 1 million French people have booked an appointment for a vaccine after last night’s address by the president.

Emmanuel Macron announced that immunization or a negative test would be required in a week to enter a restaurant or cinema.

Social life in the first place – this is shown by the 920 thousand reservations for the first needle in just one day.

To boost the motivation of the unvaccinated, Macron also announced that PCRs will no longer be as free as before. And gave health workers until September 15 to be immunized. An obligation that not everyone accepts.

“We are becoming a dictatorship, we are being forced to do things we don’t want to do,” said Sandra Barona, a caregiver at a nursing home.

Authorities are trying to stimulate vaccination to avoid a fourth wave of the virus in the fall.

Putin announced: Ukraine does not need Donbass
Putin announced: Ukraine does not need Donbass

The West is trying to turn Ukraine into a kind of antipode to Russia for its own benefit, but Moscow will never accept that. Ukraine’s true independence is possible only in partnership with Russia. And Ukraine does not need Donbass, including because its people will never accept the order imposed by force.

These are advocated by President Vladimir Putin in an article entitled “On the Historical Unity of Russians and Ukrainians,” published on the Kremlin’s website.

In the article, Putin recalls several centuries of common history of Russians and Ukrainians and defends the theory that this is one nation.

The president accuses Kiev of turning Russophobia into his state policy, for which he was involved by the West. Against this background, the people of Donbass “grabbed weapons to protect their home, language, their lives,” Putin wrote, stressing that “Russia has done everything to stop the fratricide.”

“Long before 2014, the United States and EU countries tried to force Kiev to suspend economic cooperation with Moscow, step by step putting Ukraine in a dangerous geopolitical game aimed at turning Ukraine into a barrier between Europe and Russia, a springboard against Russia. “Putin said, calling the concept” anti-Russia. “

Shoigu ordered the military to study Putin’s article about Ukraine

According to RBC sources in the Ministry of Defense, the president’s article was included in the list of mandatory topics for military-political training “due to the large number of responses in the military environment.”

Vladimir Putin’s article “On the Historical Unity of Russians and Ukrainians” by the direction of Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu is included as one of the mandatory topics for military-political training sessions with servicemen. This was reported to RBC by a source in the military department. A source in the main military-political department of the Ministry of Defense confirmed this information to RBC.

According to the interlocutor of RBC, “due to the large number of servicemen in the Russian army and navy who have Ukrainian roots, parents or relatives in Ukraine, the president’s article has caused a great positive response and discussion in the military environment.” At the same time, the key thesis about the unity of the Ukrainian, Belarusian and Russian peoples “is shared by all Russian military personnel,” he added.

Taking into account such attention to the article, it was decided to include it in the list of subjects of military-political training that must be studied. According to the interlocutor of RBC, there is a need for a more detailed study of the historical facts given in the article.

The article “On the Historical Unity of Russians and Ukrainians” was published on the Kremlin’s website on July 12. In it, the President called the wall that has emerged in recent years between Russia and Ukraine, which are parts of the same historical and spiritual space, as a tragedy.

The President noted that modern Ukraine “was largely created at the expense of historical Russia.” In support of his words, he suggested comparing “which lands were reunited with the Russian state in the 17th century and with which territories the Ukrainian SSR left the Soviet Union.”

“Spiritual, human, civilizational ties” of Russians and Ukrainians have been formed over the centuries, go back to the same sources, tempered by common trials, achievements and victories, and the kinship of the two peoples – in the hearts and memory of those who live in modern Russia and Ukraine, in blood kinship, “Putin wrote.

Later, the president admitted that he had been thinking about this article for several months. According to him, it has been published right now, because “conditions are emerging that are qualitatively changing in comparison with what was quite recently”. Putin added that in Ukraine, millions of people want to restore relations with Russia, but in this country they do not give a chance to people who are ready to pursue this course.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, commenting on Putin’s article, said that the head of the Russian state “apparently spent a lot of time on it and used a lot of archival materials.” According to him, he could discuss it in person and “provide the Russian president with a wealth of material that could be useful for the next article.”

Putin‘s nephew decided to go to the State Duma elections
Putin‘s nephew decided to go to the State Duma elections

Roman Putin founded the political party Russia Without Corruption at the end of last year. Prior to that, for some time he headed the People Against Corruption party, which was liquidated in November 2020.

The cousin nephew of President Vladimir Putin, businessman Roman Putin has submitted documents for nomination as a candidate for the State Duma. RBC was informed about this by his assistant Maxim Kamenev.

“Yes, indeed, Roman Igorevich submitted documents for the 214th district of St. Petersburg on July 12,” he said. He promised to give other details later.

In an interview with Interfax, Kamenev said that Roman Putin will go to the polls as a self-nominated candidate.

In December last year, Roman Putin founded the political party Russia Without Corruption. The founding congress of the party took place on December 15. 106 delegates from 53 regions took part in it. They approved the charter and program of the party, and Putin was elected chairman by secret ballot.

In September 2020, the Ministry of Justice appealed to the Supreme Court with a demand to liquidate the People Against Corruption party, which was chaired by Roman Putin. This party was created in 2013. Roman Putin joined it on June 21 last year, and in early July became its chairman. Then Putin said that the party’s primary task would be to participate in regional elections in September, and then in elections to the State Duma, where the party does not have a faction. At the same time, Putin noted that he has many plans “in the most diverse spheres of state activity.” In November, the Supreme Court, at the request of the Ministry of Justice, liquidated the People Against Corruption party.

The CEC warned of the possible liquidation of the party of Putin’s nephew

Roman Putin is the son of Igor Putin, the president’s cousin. He is the director of OOO Putin Consulting. According to the SPARK database, the company is wholly owned by him. Until 2015, it was called Putin Consulting Ltd and was established in the UK. In addition, he heads the Zvezda Oil company, which produces petroleum products, and is also the owner of Arbat Neftegaz (fuel wholesale) and Partner Vostok (automotive parts wholesale).

Voting in the elections to the State Duma and regional elections at various levels will take place within three days – from 17 to 19 September. As part of the September elections in Russia, the State Duma of the eighth convocation will be elected (225 deputies according to the lists and 225 in single-mandate constituencies), heads of nine regions (three more will be elected by regional parliaments), as well as deputies of legislative bodies of state power in 39 constituent entities of the country.

Roman Putin (Photo: Vladimir Astapkovich / RIA Novosti)

Hundreds of flamingos died in a dried-up lake
Hundreds of flamingos died in a dried-up lake

Hundreds of flamingos were found dead last week in a dried-up area of ​​Lake Tuz (Salt Lake) in the central Turkish province of Konya.

The lake – the second largest in Turkey and one of the largest hypersaline lakes in the world – is one of the favorite habitats of migratory animals and has long been a place for hatching flamingos. Although it is shallow and has little rainfall throughout the year, its salty nature favors the nesting of migratory birds. However, the drought caused by climate change has reduced the lake’s waters, making food a challenge for flamingos.

Hundreds of birds have now been scattered among the lake in the Konya district of Jihanbeyli. The birds had arrived at the lake in March for their incubation season. Mehmet Emin Öztürk, a nature photographer who is a frequent visitor to the area in the summer, says Lake Tuz was “a paradise for flamingos, but has now become a nightmare”.

“It was a wetland where you could see hundreds of flamingos last year. This time there is no water or live birds. The water receded in a section of about 10 km, “he told the Ihlas Haber news agency.

Bird watchers say 5,000 to 10,000 flamingos are born each year during Lake Ace’s hatching season. So far, only 5,000 have hatched. Fahri Tunch, another photographer, says most birds have died from drought. Tunc told the Demiroren news agency that the excessive use of water from the lake for irrigation was also to blame for the reduction in water levels.

Efforts are being made to promote new irrigation techniques that save water in the region.

The Konya district administration said a commission of experts was investigating “the causes of the flamingos’ deaths and potential measures to prevent the problem.”

However, the situation is not limited to Lake Tuz. Drought, along with pollution, has also been cited as a major cause of recent mass seagull deaths in lakes near Istanbul and the eastern province of Van.

Temperatures in the country are constantly rising due to climate change, which leads to a significant reduction in water resources. Experts warn that a water crisis is expected in Turkey over the next decade.

Professor Doanai Tolunai of Istanbul University warns that the dry season continues in the inner Anatolian region, where Konya is located, as well as in eastern Anatolia from 2020. Tolunai said the two regions received very low rainfall last year – around 350 mlm., and the situation is particularly difficult for agriculture.

Professor Murat Turkes of the Center for Climate Change and Policy Research at Boazici University said that

“In fact, climate modeling shows that 60% of the land, with the exception of the Black Sea region and parts of southern Turkey, has an annual water shortage. “Obviously, we will have a serious water crisis in the next ten years,” he said.